The Global Partnership against the Spread of Weapons of Mass Destruction was established on 27 June 2002 in Kananaskis (Canada) by a joint decision of the G-8 countries. The duration of this initiative was initially planned until 2012. The main purpose was to contribute to the disarmament of the Russian Federation and other post-Soviet states.
In 2003, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Switzerland, Sweden and Finland joined the Global Partnership. In 2004, Australia, Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, Czech Republic, South Korea and New Zealand became members of the Global Partnership as donors.
In September 2004, Ukraine became a member of the Global Partnership as a beneficiary country.
In the period from 2002 to 2012, within the Global Partnership, Russia received about $ 2.4 billion for the destruction of chemical weapons and disposal of used nuclear submarines. 196 of 198 nuclear submarines were recycled. The funds were allocated not only for the dismantling of submarines, but also for the management of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste generated during the recycling. Remediation of the former coastal maintenance bases of the Russian Federation was also financed.
In 2011, during the G8 summit in Deauville (France), it was decided to extend the mandate of the Global Partnership beyond 2012. Nuclear, radiation, chemical and biological safety; promotion of the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1540 by the third countries have been identified as the most promising areas.
Starting from 2009 within the Global Partnership, project “Decommissioning of Irradiation Facilities and Safe Storage of Radiation Sources” is being successfully implemented in Ukraine. The project is funded by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMU, Germany). The main performers of the activities are USC Radon and USPE Isotop. This resulted in the following: 17 865 spent radiation sources with a total activity of 1.57 PBq were collected from enterprises in different regions of Ukraine. Currently, all these radiation sources are located at specialized radioactive waste management enterprises of USC Radon.
Moreover, within the Global Partnership, the United States provide technical assistance to Ukraine aimed at safety improvement of spent radiation sources by implementing project “Security Improvement of Spent Radiation Sources in Ukraine”.
An important output of implementing these two projects is that currently in Ukraine, all powerful irradiation facilities of scientific institutions that have not been used for a long time are discharged.
More information about the projects in frame of Global Partnership you may find here.
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